Common Career Paths for CRNAs

Opportunities abound for certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNAs). It’s a profession in great demand, with many available career paths for CRNAs, who administer general, regional and local anesthesia to patients.

“Career growth is steady and becoming a CRNA is a highly rewarding career,” said Angela R. Mund, DNP, CRNA, president of the American Association of Nurse Anesthesiology (AANA).

“CRNAs are a highly sought-after provider,” she added. “The career overall is expected to increase by 13 percent by 2030.”

More than 50 million patients in the United States receive anesthesia from a CRNA each year, according to the AANA. These advanced practice registered nurses represent more than 80 percent of rural anesthesia providers. CRNAs can make independent decisions.

“As advanced practice registered nurses, CRNAs practice with a high degree of autonomy and professional respect,” Mund said.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported in May 2021 that nearly 44,000 nurse anesthetists are employed in the United States, and they earn a mean annual wage of $202,470. CRNAs working in outpatient centers earn the most, with an annual mean wage of $254,180.

How CRNA Career Paths Can Vary

Different practice settings

The traditional places for surgeries, namely hospital surgical suites, still offer practice opportunities for CRNAs. Cases may include inpatients and outpatients, depending on the assigned location. The CRNA may provide anesthesia to children, adults, older adults or during childbirth.

CRNAs working in hospitals often work for a large anesthesiology practice. In some places, all-CRNA practices exist.

Ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs) are becoming more common for surgeries. Fortune Business Insights projects the ASC market size will grow from $34.73 billion in 2020 to $58.85 billion by 2028. Greater volume seems likely to support CRNA career growth.

Career paths for CRNAs include practicing in ketamine clinics, administering ketamine for sedation or infusing the drug to treat psychiatric disorders or chronic pain. The CRNA also monitors the patient and conducts an assessment after the infusion and collaborates with other members of the team.

Different jobs for nurse anesthetists include working in medical and dental practices for podiatrists, ophthalmologists, plastic surgeons and pain management specialists. CRNAs working in the offices of physicians earn less than in other practice settings, with a mean wage of $194,240 annually, according to the BLS.

CRNAs also practice in the military, the public health service and in Veterans Affairs facilities. They may serve on naval ships, the front lines, or on aircraft evacuation teams, according to AANA.

Permanent vs. locum tenens CRNA jobs

Another career path for CRNAs is to work as a locum tenens nurse anesthetist, accepting temporary assignments across the country. Locum CRNAs enjoy exploring new locations and working in a variety of practice settings or with a different type of patients. They can also earn an hourly pay rate ranging from $146 to $158, above the BLS reported mean hourly wage of $97.34.

Locum benefits through agencies like AMN Healthcare include paid housing and travel stipends, licensure and credentialing assistance, malpractice insurance and more. Some facilities are looking for CRNAs who have specialized experience in a variety of specialty areas.

CRNA specialization

Career paths for CRNAs often include specializing in a specific type of service, such as pediatrics, cardiology or obstetrics. Specialization after several years of experience enables a CRNA to practice in specialty facilities, such as a children’s hospital or cardiac care center. Specialization often leads to greater earning potential.

CRNAs also might consider a fellowship after graduation, in order to practice as a pain management provider.

Leadership roles for nurse anesthetists

“Opportunities are available to serve on boards, committees and other leadership roles within their facilities,” Mund said. “CRNAs also assume administrative roles in hospital systems and within universities.”

CRNA careers may include serving as the chief nurse anesthetist, managing a facility’s anesthesiology team. It’s a step up in leadership for experienced CRNAs, with, typically, a higher annual compensation rate. Chief nurse anesthetists coordinate care, train others and deal with other administrative duties.

In addition, “There are leadership opportunities available for CRNAs at both the state and national levels through individual state associations and the national association, the American Association of Nurse Anesthesiology,” Mund added. “Many CRNAs have also leveraged their expertise to run for local, state, and national office.

Educating the next generation of CRNAs

Another career path for nurse anesthetists involves educating future CRNAs for this advanced practice role. Working in academia often provides the flexibility to work as an adjunct or part-time faculty member or full-time. Faculty members are often expected to conduct research and publish their findings in addition to teaching registered nurses with critical care experience how to deliver care as a CRNA.

“As of January 2022, all CRNA programs are doctoral programs,” Mund said.

While rewarding, nurse anesthetist instructors are paid much less than those with a CRNA career devoted to hands-on patient care, according to data collected from the BLS and

“CRNAs are in-demand healthcare providers with a high degree of autonomy who work in a variety of settings,” Mund concluded. “They also confidently and safely care for their patients, providing more than 50 million anesthetics to patients every year.”

AMN Healthcare has hundreds of rewarding locum tenens positions to advance your CRNA career. To discuss a CRNA locum tenens opportunity with a recruiter, simply complete the form on the right of this page.

Find Locum CRNA Jobs

Latest Blogs

Take the first step to starting your new career.

Authorized to work in the US? *
Job Type Interest *
Have you been on an Interim engagement with AMN before? *
Are you currently employed or on an active Interim engagement? *

How much notice would you have to give? *

What date are you available to start an Interim engagement? *

* Indicates Required Fields


I agree to receive emails, automated text messages and phone calls (including calls that contain prerecorded content) from and on behalf of AMN Healthcare, and affiliates. {{show_more}} I understand these messages will be to the email or phone number provided, and will be about employment opportunities, positions in which I’ve been placed, and my employment with AMN companies. See privacy policy or cookie policy for more details.

Complete Your Application!
AMN Healthcare NurseFinders logo
Continue to NurseFinders to complete your application and profile.